Psychologists refer to the Dark Triad. This relates to Narcissism, Machiavellianism and Psychopathy,
and covers the common terms used in reference to psychopaths such as lack of empathy, grandiosity, remorselessness, superficial charm, manipulativeness and selfishness. As a layman I'll use the simple term psychopath to cover the mental condition that allows a person to coldly exploit others for their own advantage. Some people who score highly in studies of psychopaths operate within the law and their condition is an advantage as it provides for a cool head when others are losing theirs.They can be highly successful and may not break the law but they also find it easier to cross society's boundaries and break rules because they have no conscience or empathy. It's probably true to say they believe they are infallible.
In the case of Thomas Bond, it would be easy to see him as a psychopath. He is successful, strong-minded, comfortable giving evidence and able to juggle a number of responsible positions. If the story of heroism in the war was true it could be construed as a demonstration of fearlessness, a psychopathic trait. If untrue, he may have lied, another worrying characteristic. Like all of us he is somewhere on the psychopathic scale or the Hare Psychopathy Checklist. Of the jobs most likely to be done by a psychopath, surgeon is in the top ten, CEOs are number one, followed by lawyers, print journalists and the police.
Joanna Dennehy appears to have had a normal upbringing, got married and had kids. At some point she began drinking heavily and taking drugs. She abandonded her family and ended up on the streets. At some point she decided to kill people for fun.
Stephen Griffiths did a criminology degree and fantasised about becoming a serial killer. It became an ambition. He ignored the presence of a CCTV camera and was caught when the janitor reviewed the day's footage and saw him shoot a victim with a crossbow.
We usually call these people psychopaths but they don't necessarily tick all the boxes for a formal diagnosis. It would appear that law-breaking 'psychopaths' possess another element in their make-up that the law-abiding don't have.
'Jack' was deeply motivated and committed his crimes with great energy and speed. He must have been in a highly dangerous mental state at the time and I think that if anybody had got close to apprehending him at the scene they would have been dealt with. He must have been motivated to a great degree, possibly by a 'divine power' or a perverse ambition. Timing the crimes to coincide with personal events implies a fantasy of the earthquake/Nazi syndicate type. Bond would have to have lived a double life of total responsibility on one hand and fantasy led criminality on the other. It almost hints at a hallucinatory state of mind, where he is driven to kill in order to help family members gain access to heaven or thinks his victims are vampires or something. It's possible it's about ego and narcissism but it's hard to see that overcoming the natural state of laziness and indifference. It might suggest the manic phase of bipolar disorder, which may explain the insomnia, self medication and a mission based motive. Hypochondria can be a symptom.
One thing psychologists gauge sanity by is agreeableness, which is the ability to get along with others. There are many examples of Bond disagreeing with other doctors in court cases, (sometimes multiple doctors) which may not be at all sinister but which could be because there is a financial benefit in dragging out the case or it may hint at an underlying psychological issue.
John Douglas of the FBI was of the opinion that Jack had a job that enabled him to cut up bodies in a legal setting, which Bond certainly did.
For Bond to be a serial killer he would have to be a profoundly disturbed and driven man hiding behind a sane, rational and respectable mask.
On 27th August 1873, Bond's sister-in-law, Frances Mary Hayes was admitted to Bethlem Hospital.In her admission papers, under the heading of Supposed Cause of Insanity is the word 'uterine'.
(I understand that in those days psychological distress in women was thought to originate from the womb. Hysteria, as it was known, was thought by ancient civilisations to have stemmed from the lack of a 'normal' sex life, which caused the uterus to move around and become melancholy. It appears that medicine hadn't progressed much from that position in Victorian times). Frances was suicidally depressed and had tried to kill herself. After the death of her father in 1869 and the breaking off of her engagement, she came under financial pressure and started going out as a 'companion to a lady'. She wrote a heartbreaking letter to her mother, full of guilt and self-loathing in which she says she is 'convinced she was born half an animal'. The writing becomes frenzied and gets more difficult to read as it goes on. Thankfully, there is an entry in the log on 15th September 1875, which reads, 'discharged, cured'. I'm unable to make a positive identification of her after this date.
Starting on 5th September 1873 body parts began showing up in the river, to the east of the Victoria Bridge. The victim had received a blow to her temple, and while insensible, her throat had been cut. It is thought she died in the early hours of the 5th September and had been cut up while still warm.The doctors sewed the pieces back together at Bond's request and this may have led to the deposition of part of Liz Jackson in the garden of the Shelley House in 1889. The owner, Percy Florence Shelley being the nephew of Mary Shelley, the author of 'Frankenstein'.
On 24th February 1881 at about 11pm, the British Prime Minister, William Gladstone slipped on ice and injured his head. Bond was sent for but was unavailable, so a Dr Blake attended. On 25th February 1888 Annie Milwood was admitted to the Whitechapel Workhouse Infirmary with stab wounds. Considering the other coincidences concerning murder dates it's possible this was also deliberately matched.
On 9th August 1884, a Thomas Bond died at Halse, Somerset. Bond's maternal uncles and his sister lived at Halse for many years, so there is a very good chance that he knew this Thomas Bond and may have been related to him.(This man's wife, Mary, died in the 3rd quarter of 1888).The Tottenham Court Road body parts were found a few weeks later that year.
Bond's sister, Ellen, was married at Halse on 8th September 1881.
Below - The Imperial War Museum, formerly Bethlem Royal Hospital, Southwark.
On 31st July 1888 Bond's brother-in-law, Charles Hayes, was admitted to Bethlem Hospital, transferred from the Holloway Sanatorium. He had become ill from sunstroke in India and was suicidally depressed and paranoid, thinking that people were following and watching him. He was hearing the voices of Indian natives jeering him and was convinced he had 'some venereal complaint which renders him obnoxious and contagious to others'. Shortly before he died he had blood in his urine. Kidney damage is a symptom of severe heatstroke.
In his admission papers, in the box requiring information about previous institutions is written, 'In Calcutta'. A 'Ripper' letter postmarked 8th October from Dublin states 'I am living in Calcutta'. Bond's birthday was the 7th. It's almost certainly not a coincidence.
Charles wrote a letter describing himself as a 'wretched miserable man'. But the most interesting part is this; 'has any harm happened or will it happen to my good brother(?). I expect man and God's punishment on my cursed head, but please say if you can, honestly that my dear brother Bond is not in danger. I will bless you'. After a series of fits he died at 4.a.m. on 21st September 1888. The first 'Ripper' letter arrived on the 24th. The 'Dear Boss' letter was dated 25th September and contains the line - 'That joke about Leather Apron gave me real fits'.
Two shards of glass are in the records with a typed note which says 'pieces of glass with which Mr. Hayes tried to open vessels, 31st August and 1st September'.
The autopsy notes say that his brain was soft and smelt of paraldehyde, which is an anti-epilepsy drug they were medicating him with. There was a puncture mark on his chest and there must be a possibility he was given an overdose, or his body broke down from prolonged use, but he would probably have died regardless of any treatment. There must also be a chance that an argument with Bond or a missed visit contributed to his self-harming, and perhaps his letter enquiring about Bond's welfare. It's interesting that he refers to his 'dear brother' as 'Bond', as opposed to Thomas or Tom. The news report about the hunt on 6th September refers to 'Bond' whereas previously he is called Dr. Bond and his friend is known as John Bond. Perhaps this indicates how Bond's mind is focused on Charles's stay at Bethlem and how it affected him.
The 31st July 1888 was the 10th anniversary of the death of Bond's father. Bond was responsible for Charles's transfer. I believe it was deliberately matched to the date of his father's death.
Abraham Beviss Bond died 6th August 1873. MarthaTabram was last seen at 11.45p.m. on 6th August 1888, the 15th anniversary of Abraham's death.
I've always assumed Martha's surname was pronounced Tab-ram, but it may have been Tay-bram.The father of Judaism is Abraham, originally Avram or Abram, so there may be a very precise matching of names, i.e. T-abram, which implies that she was known to the killer, and that he stalked her.
Abraham's son, Thomas, died at the age of 43 on 30th December 1883. John Gill was killed and mutilated in Bradford on 29th December 1888, a day before the 5th anniversary of Thomas's death.
Between those two anniversaries were the murders of Tabram, Nicholls, Chapman, Stride, Eddowes, Kelly, the Whitehall victim, Mylett and Gill.
Martha Bond is buried at 90 degrees to Abraham. Thomas Bond and his wife Harriet are alongside Bond and his wife Rosa.
Rose Mylett was killed on 20th December 1888. The following day, 21st December, would have been the 5th anniversary of the discovery of a 'gent' drowned in the Thames, a man Bond appears to like a bit too much. His possessions included a horse-shoe tie pin and eye catching watch chain. Both are similar to items described by a witness, George Hutchinson, worn by a man of 'Jewish' appearance, seen with Mary Kelly around 2 a.m. on the night she died.
Bond's grandparents Abraham and Mary's marriage licence was issued 3rd December 1800 at the church they are all buried at. Bond's mother, Mary, died on 3rd December 1878.
On 11th July 1889, Abraham Beviss's daughter, Louisa Anne Salter married Arthur Duncan Paul at the Chapel Royal, Savoy, London. Bond attended with his wife.
Abraham had died in 1862. Louisa died on 23rd January 1894, aged 34.
The report of the wedding was in the Taunton Courier on 17th July, the date of Alice Mckenzie's murder. I believe she was killed to deliberately coincide with the wedding report, which included Abraham's name.
It could feasibly be argued that all or some of the matching of dates is down to coincidence.
The point is, they are all within Bond's power to control and/or within his cognisance.
Therefore, the likelihood of coincidence is minimal.
Above- Pinchin Street
Stewart P. Evans and Keith Skinner tell of R.J.Lees involvement in the Ripper story in their book, Letters From Hell. Lees was a 'medium and clairvoyant' who tried to offer help to the police who weren't interested and dismissed him as a crank. Lees pointed out 'the Ripper' to a policeman in Park Lane who rejected his suggestion and the man left in a cab. Lees allegedly gave his account to a sergeant and inspector at Scotland Yard who took him more seriously, and then showed him a postcard written in red ink and with bloody fingerprints on it. It read:
'Tomorrow night I shall again take my revenge, claiming from a class of women who have made themselves most obnoxious to me my ninth victim. P.S. to prove that I am really Jack the Ripper I will cut off the ears of this ninth victim'.
'Obnoxious' is not a very common word and the coincidence of it being used in relation to Charles Hayes and in a Ripper letter is not easy to ignore. The use of the phrase 'class of women' matches Bond's 'wretched class' in his statement about prostitutes. Frances Hayes education level was described as 'very high class', probably by Bond, who was mentioned in her admission notes.
Lees claimed that he saw the man again, followed him to a 'West London mansion' and spoke to his wife. Apparently she was very concerned about her husband's strange behaviour and he was eventually sent to an institution. Forgetting the 'clairvoyant' aspect, could these stories have an element of truth ? Is it possible the man was Bond and that he was sent away, to Dunster perhaps, to recover his equilibrium, his wife not quite grasping the gravity of the situation ?
The majority of letters from people claiming to be Jack the Ripper were posted or found in London.
William Richard Buck worked at the War Office and may have had something to do with Bond's involvement with the Prussians. Two of Bond's daughters married into the Buck family, in 1896 and 1902. The Bucks lived in West Ham Lane and a letter was found at No.37 on 19/10/88. West Ham Lane is a short road between West Ham and Stratford.
Another letter had been found on 4/10/88 at 6 Vincent Square, Westminster, 0.5 miles from The Sanctuary. The author claimed to have written it on the embankment at Waterloo, again 0.5 miles from Bond's home. Berner St. is mispelt as Berners St, the road close to the Lock Hospital.(see Fake Doctors on page 2).
At some point Dame Sophia Hayes moved to Drayton Green Road, Ealing and there was a letter postmarked Brentford, 2 miles to the south on 20/10/88.
In the 1890's Bond was judging at agricultural shows in East Grinstead, West Sussex. There was a letter sent from Crawley, 10 miles from there on 21/11/88, and another from Portsmouth, scene of the Eastney case on 16/10/88.
Later in life Bond is known to have travelled to Balmoral, Scotland and Penzance, Cornwall. Letters from Leith and Edinburgh, Scotland were sent roughly 20 miles from the home of Louisa Nairne Imrie, who became Bond's second wife in 1900. They were married in Bromley, Kent and there was an undated letter addressed to Inspector Reilly, Bromley police station. Plymouth is on the railway line between Taunton and Penzance, letter sent 9/10/88.
A letter dated 4/12/88 which simply says 'Jack The Skipper' was possibly posted or written on the 10th anniversary of Bond's mother's death (3/12/88) from Taunton, the Bond family's home town.
As Surgeon to the Great Eastern and Great Western Railways it is almost certain he had free travel on their services as part of his employment package. Stratford, Great Yarmouth, Ipswich and Colchester were on the Great Eastern network. Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Gloucester, Neath, Bristol, Weston-Super-Mare, Taunton (Bond's birthplace), Bolton and Paddington were all on or served by Great Western. Bond hunted at Badminton, 18 miles from Bristol, which was home to his uncle, John Hearne. He would have travelled West from Paddington and is known to have slept on in the trains after returning to London. Leicester is the birthplace of Dame Sophia.
A letter from Limerick, Ireland on 23/12/88 implies that the author had travelled on the Holyhead/Dublin ferry. After the death of Rose Mylett on 20/12/88 the police tried to contact Bond but he was out of town. Did he kill Mylett ? It's possible he thought he'd left a clue and was in danger of being rumbled. A properly organised man may have held cash at his house in Dunster, and planned to escape to America via Ireland. Leaving town immediately after the murders would create distance so that if any suspicion fell upon him he would have time to react.
At the Mylett inquest when Bond was asked whether he was aware of the killing methods of the Indian Thugs, he replied in the negative.
Charles Hayes was in an asylum in Calcutta. The letter sent from Dublin is dated 8/10/88. It may have been written and posted on 7/10/88, Bond's 47th birthday.
Added to the other coincidences involving Bond it's almost certain he wrote 'Dear Boss' and therefore was the Ripper.
There are a few phrases in the letters that may be of interest. 'Dears' and 'dear creatures' if mispelt, as many words were in the letters, would have pointed straight to the hunting community, as do the words 'Hind' and 'hart'. A letter dated 28/11/88 mentions 'nice little dears' in 'hide(sic) park'. The author states 'my number is 16 in this country',thus implying that he has killed abroad. It is signed 'the black brunswick boy'. Braunschweig is a German town also known as Brunswick. Who knows who Bond met or what he saw on his travels in Europe ?
Only 3 female Christian names are mentioned, one being the mispelt 'Loisa'. 'Garrison town', 'barracks', 'Houses of Parliament' and 'Parliament Street' speak for themselves.
'Wightechapel' is an interesting spelling because the Isle of Wight is at the entrance to the port of Southampton, which is where Bond was apprenticed to his uncle. It's also visible from Portsmouth seafront. 'Old Queen' may refer to Old Queen St. which is in the area between his house and Petty France.
'You have had me once but like fools let me go' could feasibly relate to his being 'released' from his police surgeon's job.
'Jack the Ripper is in town' was written on the back of a ticket to a 'Song Service by Fullerton and Smith'. Percy Buck was a composer and musician, Mabel Bond became a singer, so there was an element of musicality within the family.
The first of the letters (24/9/88) claims the author is a 'horse slauterer'(sic). It is a denial of him being a 'doctor' as suggested by Phillips (as is the 'Dear Boss' letter). Bond's statement says the killer hadn't the skill of a horse slaughterer, echoing that letter's content and denying the killer is a medical man. All three statements coincide to create the lie that 'Jack' had no surgical skill. The Kelly murder is deliberately designed to reinforce those statements, after he had failed to put it to bed in the Eddowes murder. It's a good example of psychopathic manipulation, a clever deception that has completely fooled investigators for 128 years.
Incidentally, the first letter suggests keeping 'the Boro road clear or I might take a trip up there'. Borough Road runs onto Lambeth Bridge Road which runs past Bethlem, less than half a mile along.
In 1882 Frederick W. Lowndes wrote about Voluntary Lock Hospitals in London, Manchester, Liverpool, Dublin, Glasgow and Bristol, Government Lock Hospitals at Folkestone, Chatham, Colchester, Portsmouth and Plymouth.There were lock wards at Birmingham and Edinburgh. Only special cases were admitted in hospitals at Leeds and Hull. Bemoaning the fact that there weren't enough Lock Hospitals in the U.K., he opines that Birmingham, Leeds, Hull and Leith (among others) require them as much as other towns and that all large ports and garrison towns should have one.
Working from the 'Letters From Hell' book, if we discount letters sent from overseas (3 or4),there were 54-55 letters either sent from or mentioning 36 towns outside the Greater London area. Of the 11 that were not garrison towns or mentioned by Lowndes in his article, Bond had some connection to 3 of them. Seventeen letters were sent from or mention areas in Greater London that Bond can be connected to at some point in his life. There is a letter from Woolwich, a garrison town in Greater London.
It's probable the letters were mainly concocted by people who resented prostitutes in the various towns around Britain and Ireland that had the largest concentration of prostitutes, but considering Bond's support for the Contagious Diseases Act and his apparent love of train travel, it's feasible he could have written a number of them.
The Worcestershire Chronicle reports on 28th July 1888 the story of a Dr. Gloster who stood accused of causing the death of Ellen Schummacher by causing injury when performing an illegal operation. He denied the charge and Bond appeared as a witness supporting him, saying that Gloster was a fully qualified doctor and that he didn't think it likely the victim's injuries could have been caused by a properly qualified man without great carelessness. The case was adjourned. The prisoner's counsel was a Mr. Gill.
John Gill was killed in Bradford in December 1888 and there was a letter sent from Gloucester (25/11/88) saying that the author was stopping in Glos'ter (Gloucester).
Bond's eldest daughter Lucy married Percy Carter Buck on the 9th April 1896. His second daughter married Frank Steele Buck on 12th June 1902. The girls would have been about 16 and 15 in 1888.
I can't say when the families first met but in the 1881 census Percy and Frank had another 6 siblings. Could this large brood have been Buck's Row ? Perhaps the location for the Nicholls murder was chosen as a snarky comment on Percy's musicianship.
Bond was called as a witness on 27th February 1882 when George Lamson was indicted for the murder of Percy John. He doesn't say much of any great value, having examined the internal organs he says there was irritation to the stomach which would have been painful. John had died of aconite(also known as wolfsbane) poisoning. The witness after Bond was William Dodd, who sold the aconite to Lamson, at Allen and Hanbury's in Plough Court, Lombard Street.
Allen and Hanbury's was a wholesale and retail chemist with a factory in Bethnal Green. They also made surgical instruments and operating tables. One of the partners was Daniel Hanbury, a botanist and pharmacologist, who had joined the family firm at the age of 16. His brother was Sir Thomas Hanbury, who built the Hanbury botanical garden at Mortola, Italy. When Daniel died Thomas donated his botanical collection to Kew Gardens. Annie Chapman's murder took place at 29 Hanbury Street, was it chosen on the basis of the street name ? Allen and Hanbury's also produced food for babies and infants. Allenbury's No.3 is described as a malted farinaceous food for 6 months onward, also suitable as a light, nutritious and palatable food for adults, invalids and convalescents. Liz Stride had farinaceous food in her stomach and was the next victim after Annie Chapman.
The Goulstonian Lectures are a series of lectures on behalf of The Royal College Of Physicians, named after Theodore Goulston, who founded them. They began in 1639. Was Goulston Street specifically chosen for the graffiti on the wall and the discarded piece of apron ? Who else, other than a medical man would have heard of Goulston ?
The names of the Whitechapel victims have some similarity with Bond's family. His great-grandmother was Martha, his grandmother, mother, aunt and sister were all Marys, sister Emma, sisters in law, Annie, Alice, Louisa and Frances, cousin Catherine and aunt Elizabeth. His wife was Rosa so doesn't quite match Ms Mylett, but she was actually named Catherine and known as 'Drunken Lizzie' and 'Fair Alice'. Louisa Osborn was found in the canal at Notting Hill under suspicious circumstances in 1890. I've come to the conclusion that certain names were used to pick out victims.
Below - Chamber Street/ Swallow Gardens
A man named John Bond hunted on Exmoor with Thomas and on 8th September 1888 the West Somerset Free Press mentions that he is 'known by the soubriquet 'Colorado Jack', so his nickname was made public on the day Annie Chapman was killed, 19 days before the 'Dear Boss' letter in which the author claimed to be the killer and named himself 'Jack'. There is also a Whitechapel on Exmoor.
Various Thomas Bonds.
Thomas Bond is a pretty common name, it seems as though everybody in Somerset in the 19th century had that name, and there were a few in London too. In 1870 there was a Thomas Bond who was claiming for 2 rooms in Charles Street in order to register to vote. He had a home in Dorset, so his claim was rejected, but it's interesting that the rooms in question were on the corner of Hays Mews. It appears to be pure coincidence that Charles and Hays match Bond's brother-in-laws name (phonetically at least).The solicitor of the Chlor Alum Co. was based in Charles Street. Could this coincidence have made such an impression that Bond timed the Stride murder to coincide with the date ? Was he directed to Dorset Street by it after the death of Charles on 21st September 1888 ? The court for the revision of the lists was recommenced on 29th September 1870, Elizabeth Stride was killed shortly after midnight on 30th September 1888. Perhaps he kept newspaper cuttings of any mention of the name 'Thomas Bond'.
Abraham Beviss Bond died at Orchard Portman, Taunton on 6th August 1873. Martha Tabram was last seen at 11.45pm on 6th August 1888. Martha Bond is buried 15ft. from Abraham. Thomas (son of Abe) Bond died 30th December 1883. Bond was one of the men treating his illness and is buried next to him. On 3rd January 1884 Bond gave evidence at the inquest on an unknown man who drowned in the Thames on 21st December 1883. His shirt had been made in Bradford. John Gill was killed in Bradford 29th December 1888.
Abraham Beviss Bond's daughter Harriet married Thomas Chapman in 1875, she was pregnant at the time of her brother's funeral. Thomas Bond Chapman was born in May or June 1884 and the family moved to Orchard Portman (a mile from Bond's resting place) in September that year.
For more than a century newspapers used a story, to fill space, about an epitaph on a grave in Horsleydown Cemetery, Cumberland, which began - 'Here lies the body of Thomas Bond and Mary his wife, she was temperate, chaste and charitable'. It goes on to list all her faults at length. A piece of Elizabeth Jackson was found at Horsleydown, London in 1889.
On 22nd March 1873 the Bedfordshire Times carried a story about a man charged with forging a cheque and leaving a hotel without paying his bill, after giving his name as Boyds. When a suspicious policeman asked his name, he gave it as Thomas Bond, Berners Street, Oxford Street. His full name was Thomas N. Bond, a journalist. He was remanded without bail.
In May 1888 a sailor named Thomas Bond was sentenced to 3 months in prison for sending death threats in a letter to an actress. He'd also drawn a skull and crossbones.
In early December 1888 the papers are full of the story of a boy named Thomas Bond who received a thank you letter and £1 from Queen Victoria for returning a lost handkerchief to Windsor Castle. A few weeks later a young boy, John Gill, was killed and mutilated in Bradford.
'The whole of Dr. Robert Lee's valuable anatomical and pathological collection, including his remarkable dissections of the nerves of the heart and uterus, which have given rise to much discussion among anatomists, has recently been placed by Dr. Bond in the Anatomical Museum of the University'. - The Illustrated London News, 30th October 1869.
Taking Thomas Bond Senior's death date of 31st July as the 'on switch',
Tabram Abraham Beviss Bond, brother of Thomas Bond Snr,
Martha, wife of Thomas Bond
Letters Thomas Bond, sailor
Chapman Thomas Bond Chapman
Berner(s) St Thomas N Bond, Thomas Bond Revision of Lists, Dorset, 'sailor' at Mitre Sq.,
Charles St, Hays Mews
Dorset St Mary Beviss,mother of Thomas and Abraham Beviss Bond, Dorset
Gill Thomas Bond, boy and handkerchief
Thomas Bond, cousin death date 30th December, 'off switch'
McKenzie Abraham Beviss and Dr Bond wedding report, 17th July 1889
Jackson Horsleydown epitaph Thomas and Mary Bond
On the 13th February 1871, the Clerkenwell News told of the death 'in somewhat strange circumstances' of Mrs Alice Morley, the Matron of the St. Peter's Workhouse, Westminster. She was found lying on the floor with a pillow under her head. Bond had been treating her for 'a violent cold'. She had complained that her medicine was affecting her heart and it appears it gave out after she over-exerted herself.
On 9th November 1872 P.C. Moses Parrot collapsed and died in Parliament St. during the Lord Mayor's Show. He was 31. Moses was kicked in the stomach on 17th July 1871 by a member of an infamous gang of ruffians, 'which ruptured one of the vessels of the chest and set up an organisation of fibrous tissue in the heart and pericardium, which terminated fatally on Saturday last'.
Bond performed the post-mortem and reported that the heart and pericardium were adherent to the ribs and the heart had become choked with the fibrous tissue. These two dates coincide with the murder dates of Kelly and McKenzie. Imagining that Moses dropped dead outside 50 Parliament Street, it would be easy to see a possibility of Bond deluding himself that God was sending him coded messages.
At the Bishopstoke derailment Bond became friends with William Tilbury Fox, a dermatologist. Fox died in Paris on 7th June 1879 of an aortic condition aged 43.
The Bath Chronicle of 1st May 1890 told of the death of Mr. Handel Cossham, the M.P. for East Bristol. Bond wrote a letter to the deceased's brother-in-law giving the details of his demise, which was caused by a heart attack after a heavy meal. It is quite obvious that Bond is concerned that he might be thought negligent in his treatment of Cossham and is at pains to express his surprise at his death, after he'd left him with his valet. He returned with Dr. Norton, his assistant and then left, leaving Norton to go upstairs where he found Cossham dying. Somewhat strangely Bond reports that the man had 'just taken brandy' only to contradict himself later, saying 'He refused to have brandy as he said he was an abstainer and with so much nausea, I did not consider it advisable to press it'. It may be that Cossham became confused and contradicted himself,or there could be a more sinister explanation.
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