In August 1873, Bond's sister-in-law, Frances was admitted to Bethlem Hospital at the age of 25.
Starting on 5th September 1873 body parts began showing up in the river, to the east of the Victoria Bridge. Reports vary, one says the victim had received a blow to her temple, and while insensible, her throat had been cut, another has it the other way round. It is thought she died in the early hours of the 5th September and had been cut up while still warm. Dr. Haden sewed the pieces back together at Bond's suggestion and the body was photographed. This may have led to the deposition of part of Liz Jackson in the garden of the Shelley House in 1889. The owner at one time being Percy Bysshe Shelley, husband of Mary Shelley, the author of 'Frankenstein'.
On 9th August 1884, a Thomas Bond died at Halse, Somerset. Bond's maternal uncles and his sister lived at Halse for many years, so there is a very good chance that he knew this Thomas Bond and may have been related to him. He was born in Creech St. Michael, Taunton (Bond's maternal family, the Hearnes, had lived in Creech for centuries, his parents married there in 1840, his aunt Elizabeth was one of the witnesses. This man's wife, Mary, died in the 3rd quarter of 1888).The Tottenham Court Road body parts were found a few weeks after he died.
Bond's sister, Ellen, was married at Halse on 8th September 1881.
Below - The Imperial War Museum, formerly Bethlem Royal Hospital, Southwark.
On 31st July 1888 Bond's brother-in-law, Charles, was admitted to Bethlem. His previous address was given as Bond's house. He had become ill from sunstroke in India 4 years earlier and his 'current attack' began two months before his transfer, but also he had been chased by a mob in India and had to jump into a river to escape.
Recent mob attacks in India, have led to the murder of apparently blameless people, with social media spreading rumours and breeding hysteria. It's possible this traumatic event was at the heart of Charles's problems. He was suicidally depressed and paranoid, thinking that people were following and watching him. He was hearing the voices of Indian natives jeering him and was convinced he had 'some venereal complaint which renders him obnoxious and contagious to others'. Shortly before he died he had blood in his urine. Kidney damage is a symptom of severe heatstroke.
He was in hospital 'In Calcutta'. A 'Ripper' letter postmarked 8th October from Dublin states 'I am living in Calcutta'. Bond's birthday was the 7th.
Charles tried to 'open vessels' with shards of glass on 31st August, the day of the Nichols murder.
It's not uncommon for suicidal people to cut their own throats. After a series of fits starting at 4 am. he died at 8.15 am. on 21st September 1888.
The term 'inspiration' can relate to the act of breathing and is also used in reference to drugs being administered in a vapour or nebulised mist ( see Scarlet Runner letter, bottom of page 4 and Moses Parrott in Heart Attacks below ). Charles was given the anti-epilepsy drug Paraldehyde by this method. The first 'Ripper' letter arrived on the 24th. The 'Dear Boss' letter was dated 25th September and contains the line - 'That joke about Leather Apron gave me real fits'.
Percy Carter Buck (1871-1947)
In March 1888 at the age of 17, Percy won a prize at the Stratford Music Festival for composing a 'song without words' for the piano. He went on to study music at Worcester College, Oxford (BA 1891, MA 1894). He was appointed organist at Plaistow Parish Church aged 15, then at Kingston, Rugby School and St. Johns, Wilton Road, one of the best paid gigs in London. He became one of the youngest Doctors of Music in 1897, becoming the organist at Wells Cathedral and then at Bristol Cathedral in 1899 and then becoming music master and organist at Harrow School in 1901. He was later King Edward Professor of Music in the University Of London, Musical Adviser to the London County Council, Professor Of Music at the University Of Dublin (although he was born in Plaistow, Essex, he identified as an Irishman, his father, William Richard, was Irish), Lecturer in music at Glasgow University and Examiner in Music to Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin and London Universities, the Royal College Of Music, The Royal College Of Organists and the Royal Academy before becoming a Knight Bachelor in 1936. He wrote a number of books and songs and his speeches are full of interesting ideas and opinions. It was reported in 1910 that Percy had been a choirboy at Christ Church, Dublin and had played the organ there aged 13. His success at Stratford in 1887 and 1888 had turned his thoughts to a career in music. In 1899 it was stated that he had been intended for the Indian Civil Service but his health broke down and he adopted music as a profession as a 'last resource'. I think it unlikely that somebody so talented who had obviously worked hard at perfecting his art would contemplate any other profession and that it's possible that the story is the result of a misunderstanding about Charles Hayes's sunstroke, Chinese whispers, perhaps? Alternatvely, Bond may have poisoned him to manipulate the situation if he was worried about Lucy leaving the country. Percy spoke German and Bond was learning German in the 1890s. He was very competitive and I wonder if Bond was the same.
Obviously, Percy was quite religious in his younger years, his grandfather and two brothers were vicars, but he could'nt stand the poor quality of singing in church and became a teacher. He asked in his will that there be no mourning, no flowers and no religious service of any kind.
'There is more happiness in the East End than in Mayfair' - Percy Buck 1922
The 31st July 1888 was the 10th anniversary of the death of Bond's father. Bond was responsible for Charles's transfer. I believe it was deliberately matched to the date of his father's death.
Abraham Beviss Bond (uncle) died 6th August 1873. Martha Tabram was last seen at 11.45p.m. on 6th August 1888, the 15th anniversary of Abraham's death.
I've always assumed Martha's surname was pronounced Tab-ram, but it may have been Tay-bram.The father of Judaism is Abraham, originally Avram or Abram, so there may be a very precise matching of names, i.e. T-abram, which implies that she was known to the killer, and that he stalked her.
Abraham's son, Thomas, died at the age of 43 on 30th December 1883. John Gill was killed and mutilated in Bradford on 29th December 1888, a day before the 5th anniversary of Thomas's death.
Between those two anniversaries were the murders of Tabram, Nicholls, Chapman, Stride, Eddowes, Kelly, the Whitehall victim, Mylett and Gill.
Thomas Bond and his wife Harriet are buried alongside Bond and his wife Rosa. Mary Bond (nee Fouracre) and her husband Abraham are at his feet, she had died 10 weeks after Abraham Beviss Bond, her father-in-law, who is at her feet, along with his wife, Jane. On one side is the grave of Martha, husband Thomas and sons Thomas and Abraham, Abraham's wife(Mary Beviss), their daughter Mary and infant son, John. On the other side are John Bond and his wife Annie. There is no way of knowing but it is possible that this is the 'Mr. Bond' named in the paper as 'Colorado Jack' on 8th September 1888, the day of Annie Chapman's murder. To summarise, Martha, Mary from Dorset, 2 other Marys, Annie, Jane, Rosa, Harriet, the child John and John, possibly 'Jack', are buried with the 4 Thomas Bonds and 3 Abrahams. A Harriet Bond died in St. James's Street, Taunton in 1886, St. James's Place, Aldgate could be reached by a passage that ran from Mitre Square. The closest underground station to Bond's house is St. James's Park. He also treated ice-skating injuries in a tent in St. James's Park throughout the 1870s.
A few feet from Mary Fouracre is the joint grave of Edward Charles Coles(d.6/2/1888) and Ellen Coles(d.18/1/1894). Bond's aunt Elizabeth is buried at Halse. She was a witness at Bond's parents wedding.
Rose Mylett was killed on 20th December 1888. The following day, 21st December, would have been the 5th anniversary of the discovery of a 'gent' drowned in the Thames, a man Bond appears to like a bit too much. His possessions included a horse-shoe tie pin and eye-catching watch chain. Both are similar to items described by a witness, George Hutchinson, worn by a man of 'Jewish' appearance, seen with Mary Kelly around 2 a.m. on the night she died.
Bond's grandparents Abraham and Mary's marriage licence was issued 3rd December 1800 at the church they are all buried at. Bond's mother, Mary, died on 3rd December 1878.
A Ripper letter dated 4th December was sent from Taunton.
On 11th July 1889, Abraham Beviss's daughter, Louisa Anne Salter Beviss married Arthur Duncan Paul at the Chapel Royal, Savoy, London. Bond attended with his wife.
Abraham had died in 1862. Louisa died on 23rd January 1894 (5 days after Ellen Coles, see above) aged 34.
The report of the wedding was in the Taunton Courier on 17th July, the date of Alice McKenzie's murder. I believe she was killed to deliberately coincide with the wedding report, which included both Abraham's and Bond's names, as in Abraham, Beviss, Bond.
Above- Pinchin Street
Stewart P. Evans and Keith Skinner tell of R.J.Lees involvement in the Ripper story in their book, Letters From Hell. Lees was a 'medium and clairvoyant' who tried to offer help to the police who weren't interested and dismissed him as a crank. Lees pointed out 'the Ripper' to a policeman in Park Lane who rejected his suggestion and the man left in a cab. Lees allegedly gave his account to a sergeant and inspector at Scotland Yard who took him more seriously, and then showed him a postcard written in red ink and with bloody fingerprints on it. It read:
'Tomorrow night I shall again take my revenge, claiming from a class of women who have made themselves most obnoxious to me my ninth victim. P.S. to prove that I am really Jack the Ripper I will cut off the ears of this ninth victim'. If true this story might place the card before the 'double event', around the time of Charles's death.
'Obnoxious' is not a very common word and the coincidence of it being used in relation to Charles Hayes and in a Ripper letter is not easy to ignore. The use of the phrase 'class of women' indicates that the author was concerned with accentuating the superiority of his own class and somewhat matches Bond's 'wretched class' in his statement about prostitutes. Frances Hayes's education level was described as 'very high class', probably by Bond, who was mentioned in her admission notes. It's no great stretch to imagine Bond considered himself to be from the highest class.(Both Frances and Charles described themselves as 'wretched' and I can't help wondering whether Bond was so judgemental as to exacerbate their sense of shame and self-disgust to the point of suicide. At least two of his so-called friends shot themselves within weeks of consultations with him).
Lees claimed that he tracked the man to a 'West London mansion', the home of a 'celebrated physician' and spoke to his wife. Apparently she was very concerned about her husband's strange behaviour, he was examined and accused of being the Ripper and was eventually sent to a private asylum. Forgetting the 'clairvoyant' aspect, could these stories have an element of truth ? Is it possible the man was Bond and that he was sent away, to Dunster perhaps, to recover his equilibrium, his wife not quite grasping the gravity of the situation ?
Bond appeared in the papers a number of times certifying people as insane. In a court case involving a Mrs. Cathcart he is forced to admit that one man he had committed was released the following day. Mrs. Cathcart was pounced on outside the court and taken to an asylum on the joint say-so of Bond and Dr. Savage of Bethlem Hospital.
Working from surviving letters and news reports, the majority of letters from people claiming to be Jack the Ripper were posted or found in London.
William Richard Buck worked at the War Office and may have had something to do with Bond's involvement with the Prussians. Two of Bond's daughters married into the Buck family, in 1896 and 1902. The Bucks lived in West Ham Lane and a letter was found at No.37 on 19/10/88. West Ham Lane is a short road between West Ham and Stratford.
Another letter had been found on 4/10/88 at 6 Vincent Square, Westminster, 0.5 miles from The Sanctuary. The author claimed to have written it on the embankment at Waterloo, again 0.5 miles from Bond's home. Berner St. is mispelt as Berners St, the road close to the Lock Hospital.(see Fake Doctors on page 2).
At some point Dame Sophia Hayes and daughters Louisa and Alice moved to Twyford Abbey, Ealing, Brentford and then to Drayton Green Road, Ealing and there was a letter postmarked Brentford, dated 20/10/88. A letter was auctioned in 2018 that had been sent to Ealing police station in 1888 threatening to kill two women there. 'They are bastards' it says.
A letter sent to the sergeant at Poplar police station dated 30th October 1888 threatened to kill two more women and a child, 'and I shall take their hearts this time'. The envelope had both a Poplar postmark and an Ealing one. Rose Mylett died in Poplar on December 20th.
In the 1890s Bond was judging at agricultural shows in East Grinstead, West Sussex and probably hunted with the Crawley and Horsham Hunt. In 1881 when Percy Mapleton Lefroy shot Mr. Gold on the Brighton Railway, Bond examined the body at Balcombe, 6 miles from Crawley. There was a letter sent from Crawley on 21/11/88, and another from Portsmouth, scene of the Eastney case on 16/10/88.
Later in life Bond is known to have travelled to Balmoral, Scotland and Penzance, Cornwall. Letters from Leith and Edinburgh, Scotland were sent roughly 20 miles from the home of Louisa Nairne Imrie, who became Bond's second wife in 1900. They were married in Bromley, Kent and there was an undated letter addressed to Inspector Reilly, Bromley police station. Plymouth is on the railway line between Taunton and Penzance, the London train runs from Plymouth to Paddington, passing through Taunton and Weston-super-Mare, letter sent 9/10/88.
A letter dated 4/12/88 which simply says 'Jack The Skipper' (see GER Hotel page 2) was possibly posted or written on the 10th anniversary of Bond's mother's death (3/12/88) from Taunton, the Bond family's home town.
As Surgeon to the Great Eastern and Great Western Railways it is almost certain he had free travel on their services as part of his employment package (not that he needed it). Stratford, Great Yarmouth, Ipswich and Colchester were on the Great Eastern network. Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, Gloucester, Neath, Bristol, Weston-super-Mare, Taunton (Bond's birthplace), Bolton and Paddington were all on or served by Great Western. Bond hunted at Badminton, 18 miles from Bristol, which was home to his uncle, John Hearne. He would have travelled West from Paddington and is known to have slept on in the trains after returning to London. Leicester is the birthplace of Dame Sophia.
In 1874 Bond was a Director of the Patent Cocoa Fibre Company, a coir mat maker. One of his co-Directors lived in Selhurst, the London office of the company was at 46 Fish-street-hill. A letter dated 19/10/88 was sent to Bensdorp & Co, London from Dublin. Bensdorp was and still is a manufacturer of cocoa products. A letter was found on 6/10/88 between Princess Road and Selhurst railway station. Fish-street-hill is around 200 yards from the original Billingsgate fish market, c800 yards from Mitre Square.
A letter from Limerick, Ireland (reportedly Mary Kelly's birthplace) on 23/12/88 implies that the author had travelled on the Holyhead/Dublin ferry. After the death of Rose Mylett on 20/12/88 the police tried to contact Bond but he was out of town. Did he kill Mylett ? It's possible he thought he'd left a clue and was in danger of being rumbled. A properly organised man may have held cash at his house in Dunster, and planned to escape to America via Ireland. Leaving town immediately after the murders would create distance so that if any suspicion fell upon him he would have time to react. By making himself uncontactable he would have effectively become hidden. By suggesting distant places (Dublin, Calcutta, Glasgow, Brighton etc.) Scotland Yard would be less likely to think closer to home.
At the Mylett inquest when Bond was asked whether he was aware of the killing methods of the Indian Thugs, he replied in the negative.
Charles Hayes was in an asylum in Calcutta. The letter sent from Dublin is dated 8/10/88. It may have been written and posted on 7/10/88, Bond's 47th birthday.
A letter from Ipswich dated 19/11/88 had with it a High Court of Justice Life Assurance form. Bond regularly appeared in court as a witness. The High Court is based in the Royal Courts of Justice in The Strand, around 1.5 miles from The Sanctuary. His father-in-law was a judge known as Mr. Justice Hayes before he was knighted.
In 1882 Frederick W. Lowndes wrote about Voluntary Lock Hospitals in London, Manchester, Liverpool, Dublin, Glasgow and Bristol, Government Lock Hospitals at Folkestone, Chatham, Colchester, Portsmouth and Plymouth.There were lock wards at Birmingham and Edinburgh. Only special cases were admitted in hospitals at Leeds and Hull. Bemoaning the fact that there weren't enough Lock Hospitals in the U.K., he opines that Birmingham, Leeds, Hull and Leith (among others) require them as much as other towns and that all large ports and garrison towns should have one. There are 28 letters from 17 locations mentioned in Lowndes along with Bond's name. There are 24 locations Bond has either a direct connection to or a potential connection at the time of the letters, West Ham Lane and Stratford for example. There are 112 letters sent from or mentioning locations that appear in news reports involving Bond before 1888, including Brady Street, Bethnal Green and The Minories. There are also a number of letters which contain place names with variation, Albany Road instead of Albany Street or Grosvenor Hotel instead of Grosvenor Place for example.
At one point Central News claimed to be receiving 30-40 communications a day from 'Jack'. A number of people were arrested for writing hoaxes, mainly concerned with personal grudges, all over Britain. Some were sent to the police in Berlin, Paris and Brussels. It's probable the letters were mainly concocted by people who resented prostitutes or who found humour in the violent death of people who had very little, but considering Bond's support for the Contagious Diseases Act and his apparent love of train travel, it's feasible he could have written any number of them. He had a long-standing relationship with the newspapers and would have known plenty of reporters and how the news business functioned.
On 28th July 1888 a Dr. Gloster stood accused of causing the death of Ellen Schummacher by causing injury when performing an illegal operation. He denied 'ever attending the woman' and Bond appeared as a witness supporting him, saying that Gloster was a fully qualified doctor and that he didn't think it likely the victim's injuries could have been caused by a properly qualified man 'without great carelessness'. So in this case Bond carries out an internal examination on the dead woman and states that her wound was 'such as an unskilled person would make' in the weeks leading up to the Whitechapel Murders. The case was adjourned. The prisoner's counsel was Mr. Gill.
John Gill was killed in Bradford in December 1888 and there was a letter sent from Gloucester (25/11/88) saying that the author was stopping in Glos'ter( a common abbreviation of Gloucester).
Dr. Gloster had a special certificate for midwifery from the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin.
Dr Francis Thomas Bond was a famous doctor of the time from Gloucester who designed a soap called Terebene. It was sold by a company called F. S. Cleaver. A letter dated 8/11/88 speaks of the 'cleaver capture of jack the ripper'.
A letter dated 13th October 1888 from 'murderyfied J.J. Thompson alias J. the Rippers Nephew' was sent from Woolwich. In 1881 Bond's name appeared in an article on Medical Schools. An architect named J.J. Thomson was also mentioned.
There are a few phrases in the letters that may be of interest. 'Dears' and 'dear creatures' if mispelt, as many words were in the letters, would have pointed straight to the hunting community, as do the words 'Hind' and 'hart'.
A letter dated 28/11/88 mentions 'nice little dears' in 'hide(sic) park'. The author states 'my number is 16 in this country', thus implying that he has killed abroad. It is signed 'the black brunswick boy'. Braunschweig is a German town also known as Brunswick. On Monday 26th July 1880 a 14 year-old boy, Arthur Andrews, fell in the Thames at Nine Elms. He was pulled out 400 yards from Bond's house at Westminster Bridge on Friday 30th July and Bond deposed that death was due to drowning. Arthur had lived with his family at Brunswick Wharf, Nine Elms. If the letter is referring to Arthur, Bond must have written it.
Only 3 female Christian names are mentioned, one being the mispelt 'Loisa'. 'Garrison town', 'barracks', 'Houses of Parliament' and 'Parliament Street' speak for themselves.
'Wightechapel'(13/10/88) is an interesting spelling because the Isle of Wight is at the entrance to the port of Southampton, which is where Bond was apprenticed to his uncle. It's also visible from Portsmouth seafront. Sir Wight was renting Shelley House at the time of the Jackson murder in 1889 which may imply authenticity and connect the Torsos to 'Jack'. There was also a London police surgeon named Wight.
'Old Queen' may refer to Old Queen St. which is in the area between his house and Petty France.
'You have had me once but like fools let me go' could feasibly relate to his altered position regarding his police surgeon's job.
Bond was based at King Street police station. In 1870 the wife of a King Street police inspector killed herself by taking enough strychnine to kill 6 people. In her hand was found a piece of paper which had written on it - 'Vermin killer - Poison'. An October 1888 letter referred to 'a deuced lot of vermin'.
'Jack the Ripper is in town' was written on the back of a ticket to a 'Song Service by Fullerton and Smith' (a pair of travelling evangelist preachers (sacred solos and special hymns led by trained choir). Percy Buck was a composer and musician, Charles and Francis Hayes sang at concerts in Dunster, Mabel Bond (youngest daughter) became a singer, so there was an element of musicality within the family. There was a song called 'The Daughters of Moab'.
The first of the letters (24/9/88) claims the author is a 'horse slauterer'(sic). Dr. Phillips saw from Annie Chapman's injuries (8/9/88) that the killer was highly skilled and described the knife used.
It may well have been an amputation knife. If Bond killed Chapman he was in great danger of being found out and I believe the first letters show how he reacted to that, by panicking and trying to correct his earlier mistake.
In the 'Dear Boss' letter, the line 'they say I'm a doctor now ha ha' implies the subsequent unwritten reply - 'I'm not'. It follows that only a 'doctor' would deny that he is one, because if he's not it's in his interest to have the police believe he is. The power of that line shouldn't be underestimated, it subtly implies that to think he is a doctor is stupid, and has managed to undermine the natural flow of enquiry ever since, by creating a psychological barrier. The whole point of the letter is to deliver that line and create doubt.
Both Bond's statement and the first two letters contain an opaque denial that the killer is a medical man. They are exactly the same. Why does Bond not explicitly say that the killer was not skilled without the florid language ?
Bond's statement says the killer hadn't the skill of a horse slaughterer, echoing the first letter's content and denying the killer is a medical man (In the Jackson case he uses the term horse knacker). He not only contradicts the opinions of Phillips and Brown, he goes to the extreme opposite, dismissing them completely.
Both the letters and Bond's statement coincide to create the lie that 'Jack' had no surgical skill. I believe the Kelly murder is deliberately designed to reinforce those statements, after he had failed to put it to bed in the Eddowes murder. He exposed his surgical skill and was forced to backtrack and try to cover it up. One has to ask, why does the author of either letter concern himself with what people think he does for a living ? And why does he helpfully draw a picture of and give a description of his knife ? It can only be an attempt to influence the investigation and mislead. To lie is to say the opposite of the truth.
Incidentally, the first letter suggests keeping 'the Boro(sic) road clear or I might take a trip up there'. Borough Road runs onto Lambeth Bridge Road which runs past Bethlem, less than half a mile along.
Bond's eldest daughter Lucy married Percy Carter Buck on the 9th April 1896. His second daughter, Margaret, married Frank Steele Buck on 12th June 1902. The girls would have been about 16 and 15 in 1888.
I can't say when the families first met but in the 1881 census Percy and Frank had another 6 siblings. Could this large brood have been Buck's Row ? Perhaps the location for the Nicholls murder was chosen as a snarky comment on Percy's musicianship. Perhaps their meeting and blossoming friendships caused Bond to fear their loss of innocence and he began the Ripper series to terrify the girls into staying on the straight and narrow. Lucy was born in 1872, Margaret in 1873 so were babies at the time of the Battersea Mystery in 1873. Lucy and Thomas had their portraits painted by George Frederic Watts in c1880, so it's fair to assume she was very important to him. The letter dated 14th October 1896 arrived 7 months after Lucy and Percy were married, 2 months into her first pregnancy. Elizabeth Camp was killed on 11th February 1897.
Captain Geoffrey Sebastian Buck M.C., D.F.C., R.A.F, was born May 17th 1897 and died after carrying out a series of night bombing raids on September 3rd 1918 in France at the age of 21. He had been a pretty decent cricketer, footballer and skater and was heavyweight boxing champion at Winchester before the war.
Margaret and Frank married a year after her father's death which leads me to wonder whether she was afraid of his disapproval or if he'd deterred her from becoming close to Frank.
William Richard Buck was born in Dublin.
Percy identified himself as an Irishman, was awarded an honourary degree from Dublin and was non-residential Professor of Music at Trinity College, Dublin 1910-1920.
Bond was called as a witness on 27th February 1882 when George Lamson was indicted for the murder of Percy John. He doesn't say much of any great value, having examined the internal organs he says there was irritation to the stomach which would have been painful. John had died of aconite (also known as wolfsbane) poisoning. The witness after Bond was William Dodd, who sold the aconite to Lamson, at Allen and Hanbury's in Plough Court, Lombard Street.
Allen and Hanbury's was a wholesale and retail chemist with a factory in Bethnal Green. They also made surgical instruments and operating tables. One of the partners was Daniel Hanbury, a botanist and pharmacologist, who had joined the family firm at the age of 16. His brother was Sir Thomas Hanbury, who built the Hanbury botanical garden at Mortola, Italy. When Daniel died Thomas donated his botanical collection to Kew Gardens. Annie Chapman's murder took place at 29 Hanbury Street, was it chosen on the basis of the street name ? Allen and Hanbury's also produced food for babies and infants. Allenbury's No.3 is described as a malted farinaceous food for 6 months onward, also suitable as a light, nutritious and palatable food for adults, invalids and convalescents. Liz Stride had farinaceous food in her stomach and was the next victim after Annie Chapman.
The Goulstonian Lectures are a series of lectures on behalf of The Royal College Of Physicians, named after Theodore Goulston, who founded them. They began in 1639. Was Goulston Street specifically chosen for the graffiti on the wall and the discarded piece of apron ? Who else, other than a medical man would have heard of Goulston ?
The names of the Whitechapel victims have some similarity with Bond's family. His great-grandmother was Martha, his grandmother, mother, aunt and sister were all Marys, aunt Jane, sister Emma, sisters in law, Annie, Alice, Louisa and Frances and aunt Elizabeth. His wife was Rosa so doesn't quite match Ms Mylett. Louisa Osborn was found in the canal at Notting Hill under suspicious circumstances in 1890.
In the graveyard within 30ft of Bond - Martha, Jane, Aunt Mary, Mary Fouracre, Mary from Dorset, Annie, Rosa, infant John, Harriet(1886), John( 'Colorado Jack' ?), all Bond.(All potentially linked to 1888 except Harriet). Edward and Ellen Coles.
His wife's sisters:- Alice, Louisa and Frances (potentially linked to 1889/90/91).
His first daughter was Lucy Elizabeth, presumably named after his mother's sister Elizabeth Hearne.
(Kate Eddowes pawned a pair of boots using the name Jane Kelly, and also used the name Mary Ann Kelly on discharge from Bishopsgate police station on the night she died).
Below - Chamber Street/ Swallow Gardens
Various Thomas Bonds.
Thomas Bond is a pretty common name, it seems as though everybody in Somerset in the 19th century had that name, and there were a few in London too. In 1870 there was a Thomas Bond who was claiming for 2 rooms in Charles Street in order to register to vote. He had a home in Dorset, so his claim was rejected. The court for the revision of the lists was recommenced on 29th September 1870, Elizabeth Stride was killed shortly after midnight on 30th September 1888. The solicitor for the Chlor Alum Co. was based in Charles St. The rooms claimed for were on the corner of Hays Mews. Charles Hayes died 8 days before the Stride murder. Perhaps Bond kept newspaper cuttings of any mention of the name 'Thomas Bond' or the street names in the court case made a big impression coming as it did quite soon after his first meeting Charles. Maybe he kept a diary.
In the 1870s meetings were held at the Mount Street Workhouse. If Bond walked the mile and a half to get there he would have crossed both Charles Street and Hays Mews.
Abraham Beviss Bond died at Orchard Portman, Taunton on 6th August 1873. Martha Tabram was last seen at 11.45pm on 6th August 1888. Martha Bond is buried 15ft. from Abraham.
Abraham's popular, exalted son, Thomas died 30th December 1883. Bond was one of the men treating his illness and is buried next to him, so it's likely they were close friends and his death was a major event in Bond's life. On 3rd January 1884 Bond gave evidence at the inquest on an unknown man who drowned in the Thames on 21st December 1883. His shirt had been made in Bradford. John Gill was killed in Bradford 29th December 1888. Thomas's funeral took place on 4th January.
Abraham Beviss Bond's daughter Harriet married Thomas Chapman in 1875, she was pregnant at the time of her brother's funeral. Thomas Bond Chapman was born in May or June 1884 and the family moved to Orchard Portman (a mile from Bond's resting place) in September that year.
For more than a century newspapers used a story, to fill space, about an epitaph on a grave in Horsleydown Cemetery, Cumberland, which began - 'Here lies the body of Thomas Bond and Mary his wife, she was temperate, chaste and charitable'( Bond's parents were Thomas and Mary). It goes on to list all her faults at length. A piece of Elizabeth Jackson was found at Horsleydown, London in 1889.
In 1873 a man was charged with forging a cheque and leaving a hotel without paying his bill, after giving his name as Boyds. When a suspicious policeman asked his name, he gave it as Thomas Bond, Berners Street, Oxford Street. His full name was Thomas N. Bond, a journalist. He was remanded without bail.
In May 1888 a sailor named Thomas Bond was sentenced to 3 months in prison for sending death threats in a letter to an actress. He'd also drawn a skull and crossbones.
In early December 1888 the papers are full of the story of a boy named Thomas Bond who received a thank you letter and £1 from Queen Victoria for returning a lost handkerchief to Windsor Castle. A few weeks later a young boy, John Gill, was killed and mutilated in Bradford.
'The whole of Dr. Robert Lee's valuable anatomical and pathological collection, including his remarkable dissections of the nerves of the heart and uterus, which have given rise to much discussion among anatomists, has recently been placed by Dr. (Henry) Bond in the Anatomical Museum of the University'. - 30th October 1869.
Taking Thomas Bond Senior's death date of 31st July as the 'on switch',
Tabram Abraham Beviss Bond, brother of Thomas Bond Snr,
Martha, wife of Thomas Bond
Letters Thomas Bond, sailor
Chapman Thomas Bond Chapman
Berner(s) St Thomas N Bond, Thomas Bond Revision of Lists, Dorset, 'sailor' at Mitre Sq.,
Charles St, Hays Mews
Dorset St Mary Beviss, mother of Thomas and Abraham Beviss Bond, Dorset
Gill Thomas Bond, boy and handkerchief
Thomas Bond, cousin death date 30th December, 'off switch'
McKenzie Abraham Beviss and Dr Bond wedding report, 17th July 1889
Jackson Horsleydown epitaph Thomas and Mary Bond
On the 13th February 1871, the Clerkenwell News told of the death 'in somewhat strange circumstances' of Mrs Alice Morley, the Matron of the St. Peter's Workhouse, Westminster. She was found lying on the floor with a pillow under her head. Bond had been treating her for 'a violent cold'. She had complained that her medicine was affecting her heart and it appears it gave out after she over-exerted herself. On the 11th February the same newspaper had reported that she was the matron at Petty France. Her death was announced in a letter from Dr. Bond. Further down the page Z.D. Berry suggests a pay rise for Bond. Bond's time at Petty France was marked with disagreements over payment for 'midwifery cases' which he felt were not covered in his contract.
On 9th November 1872 P.C. Moses Parrot collapsed and died in Parliament St. during the Lord Mayor's Show. He was 31. Moses was kicked in the stomach on 17th July 1871 by a member of an infamous gang of ruffians, 'which ruptured one of the vessels of the chest and set up an organisation of fibrous tissue in the heart and pericardium, which terminated fatally on Saturday last'.
Bond performed the post-mortem and reported that the heart and pericardium were adherent to the ribs and the heart had become choked with the fibrous tissue. These two dates coincide with the murder dates of Kelly and McKenzie. Imagining that Moses dropped dead outside 50 Parliament Street, it would be easy to see a possibility of Bond deluding himself that God was sending him coded messages.
At the Bishopstoke derailment Bond became friends with William Tilbury Fox, a dermatologist. Fox died in Paris on 7th June 1879 of an aortic condition aged 43.
In May 1890 Handel Cossham, the M.P. for East Bristol died in Westminster. Bond wrote a letter to the deceased's brother-in-law giving the details of his demise, which was caused by a heart attack after a heavy meal. It is quite obvious that Bond is concerned that he might be thought negligent in his treatment of Cossham and is at pains to express his surprise at his death, after he'd left him with his valet. He returned with Dr. Norton (his assistant) and then left, leaving Norton to go upstairs where he found Cossham dying. Somewhat strangely Bond reports that the man had 'just taken brandy' only to contradict himself later, saying 'He refused to have brandy as he said he was an abstainer and with so much nausea, I did not consider it advisable to press it'. One report says that Bond 'induced' him to have brandy. He was prepared to certify that the M.P. died from heart disease and that an inquest was not necessary. Cossham was reported by a friend to have been unusually cheerful at breakfast and by the attendants at the Library of Westminster, 'prior to his seizure'. The library is about 100 yards from Bond's house.
Bond was born in Durston, Somerset. His cousin's wife, Mary Fouracre was born in Durston. A Thomas Fouracre died suddenly in Durston aged 26 on 13th May 1863.
On 30th September 1891, John Cochrane, a patient of Bond, shot himself at his office in Victoria Street, Westminster. Bond had dined with him a fortnight previous and said that Cochrane, who had been 'gouty' for a long time, had financial trouble and was under pressure because of the difficulty of boring a tunnel under the Mersey. He was depressed and looked ill, Bond suggested he take a holiday. It's common for gouty people to become depressed and suicidal.